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Charaka Indriya Sthana 4th Chapter Indriyaanikam indriyam


4th chapter of Charaka Indriya sthana offers about indicators and signs of imminent demise as indicated by the attribute options of sense organs. The chapter identify is Parimarshaniyamindriyam.

We will expound the chapter on the indicators and signs of imminent demise as indicated by the attribute options of sense organs. Thus mentioned Lord Atreya [1-2]
Learn – Arishta Lakshanas – Ominous Indicators And Signs Indicating Dangerous Prognosis

Position of inference within the examination

We will now clarify as to how an knowledgeable doctor desirous of ascertaining the span of lifetime of sufferers ought to look at the sense organs of a affected person.
The information of sense organs is at all times past the purview of notion; that is the final word reality. Due to this fact the examination of sense organs shall be carried out with inference. [3-4]

Particular options of indicators of imminent demise

If any morbidity develops within the wholesome sense organs with none seen trigger that is indicative of imminent demise. The indicators and signs of imminent demise pertaining to sense organs are defined generally on this context. They are going to be additional elaborated in subsequent paragraphs. [5-6]
Learn – Dangerous Prognosis Primarily based On Odor, Contact, Style, Color And Voice

Attribute options of imaginative and prescient indicative of imminent demise

If a affected person views the sky as one thing strong or just like the earth and the earth as one thing void or just like the sky, he’s certain to die quickly as these signs are inauspicious. [7]

One who views the wind blowing within the sky in a corporeal kind however doesn’t see the flame of kindled hearth, must be thought-about as a moribund particular person. [8]
If an individual occurs to see (hallucination) a internet being unfold out in clear water, stagnant or transferring regardless of no internet being current there, then this constitutes the premonitory signs of imminent demise. [9]
Learn – Dangerous Prognosis Primarily based On Premonitory Signs Of Illness – Purvarupiya Arishta

If one, even whereas awake, perceives Pretas (ghosts) and varied sorts of Raksasas (demons) or every other supernatural parts, he won’t stay lengthy [10]
When the hearth is seen as blue, lusterless, black or white regardless of it being in its pure color i.e. yellowish or reddish, that is indicative of the demise of the affected person after seventh night time. [11]
If one sees Marichi (cloud- gentle), or cloud or lightening when there is no such thing as a cloud within the sky, that is indicative of imminent demise. [12]

Signs regarding the visible sense point out imminent demise of the particular person

  • clear solar or the moon (unobstructed by the cloud) seem like an earthen plate coated with a black fabric
  • seeing lunar or photo voltaic eclipse when there is no such thing as a full moon of recent moon respectively (seen by each regular and irregular individuals)
  • seeing solar within the night time, the moon within the day, the smoke when there is no such thing as a hearth or hearth with out flame within the night time;
  • look of vivid issues as devoid of lustre, those having no lustre as vivid – i.e. view issues devoid of their actual traits;
  • to have visible notion in a distorted from i.e. to view issues showing as having a number of types, devoid of complexion and inaccurate numbers with none cause
  • to visualise the invisible ones and to not visualize the seen ones [13-18]
    Learn – Dangerous Prognosis Of Ailments Primarily based On Desires and Shadows

Listening to

The next signs regarding the auditory sense organ point out imminent demise of the particular person:
Listening to inaudible sounds and never listening to audible ones;
Incapacity to listen to the interior (astral) sound after closing ears with fingers; [19-20]

Odor

If the olfactory sense of an individual fails to tell apart between good and dangerous smells or shouldn’t be attentive to any scent in any respect, he’s thought-about as a moribund particular person. [21]

Style

If an individual free from Mukhapaka (stomatitis and glossitis) doesn’t understand style (doesn’t have the gustatory sensation) in any respect nor can establish the precise tastes, he’s additionally ripe for demise. [22]

Contact

If one has the tactile sensation of coldness in warmth, smoothness in coarseness, softness in hardness and vice versa, he’s to be thought-about as a moribund one. [23]
Learn – How To Make Prognosis Of Illness In accordance To Ayurveda?

Supra-sensory notion

Supra-sensory notion not preceded by austere, penances or due yogic practices is indicative of imminent demise.
If one perceives issues in an infallible method regardless of the impairment of the respective sensory colleges, that is additionally indicative of imminent demise [24-25]

Unsuitable notion

If a wholesome particular person perceives issues wrongly in contravention of the conventional relationship between the sense organs and their objects on account of psychological pervasion, he’s certain to die quickly. [26]
Learn – Prognosis Indicators Primarily based On The Messenger – Doota Adhishtita Arishta

To sum up:-
A doctor who is aware of the science of premonition of demise as indicated by the attribute options of the sense organs can readily distinguish between life and demise. [27]

Thus ends the fourth chapter on the indicators and signs of imminent demise as indicated by the attribute options of sense organs of Indriya Part of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka.

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