Polls forward of the runoff had indicated Petro and Hernández — each former mayors — had been in a good race since they topped 4 different candidates within the preliminary Might 29 election, although neither obtained sufficient votes to win outright and headed into the runoff.
About 39 million individuals had been eligible to vote Sunday, however abstentionism has been above 40% in each presidential election since 1990.
The vote got here amid widespread discontent over rising inequality, inflation and violence — elements that led voters within the first spherical to show their backs on the long-governing centrist and right-leaning politicians and selected two outsiders in Latin America’s third-most populated nation.
Petro, a 62-year-old senator, is in his third presidential marketing campaign. A victory forhim would put an finish to voters’ long-held marginalization of the left attributable to its affiliation with the nation’s lengthy armed battle. Petro was as soon as a insurgent with the now-defunct M-19 motion and was granted amnesty after being jailed for his involvement with the group.
He has proposed bold pension, tax, well being and agricultural reforms and adjustments to how Colombia fights drug cartels and different armed teams. He obtained 40% of the votes throughout final month’s election and Hernández 28%, however the distinction rapidly narrowed as Hernández started to draw so-called anti-Petrista voters.
Petro may change into the most recent leftist political victory in Latin America fueled by voters’ want for change. Chile, Peru and Honduras elected leftist presidents in 2021, and in Brazil, former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is main the polls for this 12 months’s presidential election.
The 77-year-old Hernández, who made his cash in actual property, is just not affiliated with any main political get together and has rejected alliances. His austere marketing campaign, waged totally on TikTok and different social media platforms, was self-financed.
His proposals are based mostly on a battle in opposition to corruption, which he blames for poverty and the lack of state assets that might be used on social packages. He needs to cut back the scale of presidency by eliminating varied embassies and presidential workplaces, turning the presidential palace right into a museum and decreasing using the president’s plane fleet.
Hernández surged late within the first-round marketing campaign previous extra standard candidates and shocked many when he completed second. He has confronted controversies together with saying he admired Adolf Hitler earlier than apologizing and saying that he meant to confer with Albert Einstein.
Outgoing conservative President Iván Duque on Sunday urged Colombians to vote and belief the establishments “with full confidence within the verdict of the individuals.” The federal government mentioned it had details about doable demonstrations deliberate after polls closed and rejected upfront any acts of violence.
Petro had questioned election authorities through the marketing campaign and mentioned he would analyze after polls closed whether or not he accepts the outcomes.
After casting his poll, he known as on supporters to vote in massive numbers to “defeat any try at fraud” and claimed, with out exhibiting proof, that voters in some polling stations had been being given ballots beforehand marked as clean votes in an try to “cancel votes that will go for the change.”
Silvia Otero Bahamón, a political science professor on the College of Rosario, mentioned that though each candidates are populists who “have an ideology based mostly on the division between the corrupt elite and the individuals,” every sees their battle in opposition to the institution otherwise.
“Petro pertains to the poor, the ethnic and cultural minorities of probably the most peripheral areas of the nation,” Otero mentioned, whereas Hernández’s supporters “are the individuals who have been let down by politicking and corruption. It’s a looser group, which the candidate reaches instantly through social networks.”
Polls present most Colombians consider the nation is heading within the improper course and disapprove of Duque, who was not eligible to hunt reelection. The pandemic set again the nation’s anti-poverty efforts by not less than a decade. Official figures present that 39% of Colombia’s lived on lower than $89 a month final 12 months.
The rejection of politics as standard “is a mirrored image of the truth that the persons are fed up with the identical individuals as all the time,” mentioned Nataly Amezquita, a 26-year-old civil engineer ready to vote. “We’ve got to create better social change. Many individuals within the nation aren’t in one of the best situation.”
However even the 2 outsider candidates left her chilly. She mentioned she would solid a clean poll: “I don’t like both of the 2 candidates…. Neither of them looks as if an excellent individual to me.”
Many citizens had been basing their choice on what they don’t need, as a substitute of what they do need.
“Many individuals mentioned, ‘I don’t care who’s standing in opposition to Petro, I’m going to vote for whomever represents the opposite candidate, no matter who that individual is,’” mentioned Silvana Amaya, a senior analyst with the agency Management Dangers. “That additionally works the opposite means round. Rodolfo has been portrayed as this loopy previous man, communication genius and indulgent character (so) that some individuals say: ‘I don’t care who I’ve to vote for, however I don’t need him to be my president.’”
Both may have a troublesome time delivering on guarantees as neither has a majority in Congress, which is essential to finishing up reforms.
In latest legislative elections, Petro’s political motion obtained 20 seats within the Senate, a plurality, however he would nonetheless should make concessions in negotiations with different events. Hernández’s political motion solely has two representatives within the decrease home, so he would even have to hunt agreements with lawmakers, whom he has alienated by repeatedly calling “thieves.”
Garcia Cano reported from Caracas, Venezuela.